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Found 60 resources         Showing items 1 to 25 :   Page [1] 2 3 -

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   Housing consumption and urbanization
World Bank - Transport
13-Nov-2014


Rapid urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa places immense pressure on urban services to meet the needs of the burgeoning urban population. Although several country- or city-level reports offer insight into the housing challenges of specific places, little is known about regional patterns affecting hou....
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   Estimates of ad valorem equivalents of barriers against foreign suppliers of services in eleven services sectors and 103 countries
World Bank - Transport
9-Nov-2014


A new database on the barriers faced by foreign suppliers of services has been produced by the World Bank. Data for 103 countries are available on 11 of the most important services sectors in international trade. Based on these data and building on the methodology and publications supported by the A....
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   Pathways toward zero-carbon electricity required for climate stabilization
World Bank - Transport
26-Oct-2014


This paper covers three policy-relevant aspects of the carbon content of electricity that are well established among integrated assessment models but under-discussed in the policy debate. First, climate stabilization at any level from 2 to 3°C requires electricity to be almost carbon-free by the en....
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   Urban infrastructure investment and rent-capture potentials
World Bank - Transport
15-Oct-2014


In a context of rapid urbanization and energy transition, massive investments will be required to develop efficient public transport networks. Capturing the increase in land value caused by transport infrastructure (for example, through a betterment tax) appears a promising way to finance public tra....
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   Voting with their feet ? access to infrastructure and migration in Nepal
World Bank - Transport
23-Sep-2014


Using bilateral migration flow data from the 2010 population census of Nepal, this paper provides evidence on the importance of public infrastructure and services in determining migration flows. The empirical specification, based on a generalized nested logit model, corrects for the non-random selec....
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   The impact of exogenous shocks on households in the Pacific : a micro-simulation analysis
World Bank - Transport
23-Sep-2014


This paper seeks to provide evidence on the extent of household vulnerability to exogenous economic shocks in the Pacific region and consider policy options that help to manage this risk. Characteristics of the region such as remoteness, small size, dispersion, and urbanizing populations lead to pro....
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   Infrastructure, growth, and inequality : an overview
World Bank - Transport
15-Sep-2014


Academics and policy makers have long considered an adequate supply of infrastructure services to be essential for economic development. This paper reviews recent theoretical and empirical literature on the effects of infrastructure development on growth and income distribution. The theoretical lite....
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   Infrastructure gap in South Asia : infrastructure needs, prioritization, and financing
World Bank - Transport
15-Sep-2014


If the South Asia region hopes to meet its development goals and not risk slowing down or even halting growth, poverty alleviation, and shared prosperity, it is essential to make closing its huge infrastructure gap a priority. Identifying and addressing gaps in the data on expenditure, access, and q....
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   Infrastructure gap in South Asia : inequality of access to infrastructure services
World Bank - Transport
15-Sep-2014


The South Asia region is home to the largest pool of individuals living under the poverty line, coupled with a fast-growing population. The importance of access to basic infrastructure services on welfare and the quality of life is clear. Yet the South Asia region's rates of access to infrastructure....
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   Cost-effectiveness measurement in development : accounting for local costs and noisy impacts
World Bank - Transport
10-Sep-2014


As evidence from rigorous impact evaluations grows in development, there have been more calls to complement impact evaluation analysis with cost analysis, so that policy makers can make investment decisions based on costs as well as impacts. This paper discusses important considerations for implemen....
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   Barriers to the implementation of environmental policies at the local level in China
World Bank - Transport
25-Aug-2014


China's national leaders have recently made a priority of changing lanes from a pollution-intensive, growth-at-any-cost model to a resource-efficient and sustainable one. The immense challenges of rapid urbanization are one aspect of the problem. Central-local government relations are another source....
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   Food prices, road infrastructure, and market integration in Central and Eastern Africa
World Bank - Transport
12-Aug-2014


Market integration is key to ensuring sufficient and stable food supplies. This paper assesses the impediments to market integration in Central and Eastern Africa for three food staples: maize, rice, and sorghum. The paper uses a large database on monthly consumer prices for 150 towns in 13 African ....
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   Export performance and geography in Croatia
World Bank - Transport
6-Aug-2014


This paper uses the gravity model to analyze whether the varying export performance of Croatian counties can be explained by their proximity to border gates, ports, and other county-specific characteristics. The analysis finds that longer distances to border gates increase trade frictions significan....
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   Integrating border regions : connectivity and competitiveness in South Asia
World Bank - Transport
29-Jul-2014


Deeper regional integration can be beneficial especially for regions along international borders. It can open up new markets on opposite sides of borders and give consumers wider access to cheaper goods. This paper uses data from five contiguous districts of India, Nepal, and Bangladesh in the north....
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   The Brasilia experiment : road access and the spatial pattern of long-term local development in Brazil
World Bank - Transport
2-Jul-2014


This paper studies the impact of the rapid expansion of the Brazilian road network, which occurred from the 1960s to the 2000s, on the growth and spatial allocation of population and economic activity across the country's municipalities. It addresses the problem of endogeneity in infrastructure loca....
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   Open skies over the Middle East
World Bank - Transport
23-Jun-2014


The dynamism of air traffic markets in the Middle East obscures the persistence of restrictions on international competition. But how important are such restrictions for passenger traffic? This paper uses detailed data on worldwide passenger aviation to estimate the effect of air transport policy on....
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   Carbon price efficiency : lock-in and path dependence in urban forms and transport infrastructure
World Bank - Transport
23-Jun-2014


This paper investigates the effect of carbon or gasoline taxes on commuting-related CO2 emissions in an urban context. To assess the impact of public transport on the efficiency of the tax, the paper investigates two exogenous scenarios using a dynamic urban model (NEDUM-2D) calibrated for the urban....
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   The trade-reducing effects of restrictions on liner shipping
World Bank - Transport
15-Jun-2014


This paper examines how policy governing the liner shipping sector affects maritime transport costs and seaborne trade flows. The paper uses a novel data set and finds that restrictions, particularly on foreign investment, increase maritime transport costs, strongly but unevenly. The cost-inflating ....
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   Regional diversity and inclusive growth in Indian cities
World Bank - Transport
11-Jun-2014


This paper examines the employment growth of Indian districts from 2000 to 2010 in the manufacturing and services sectors. Specialization and diversity metrics that combine industries in both sectors are calculated and related to subsequent job growth. The analysis finds robust and consistent eviden....
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   Trade and cities
World Bank - Transport
8-Jun-2014


Many developing countries display remarkably high degrees of urban concentration that are incommensurate with their levels of urbanization. The cost of excessively high levels of urban concentration can be very high in terms of overpopulation, congestion, and productivity growth. One strand of the t....
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   Infrastructure, growth, and inequality : an overview
World Bank - Infrastructure
15-Sep-2014


Academics and policy makers have long considered an adequate supply of infrastructure services to be essential for economic development. This paper reviews recent theoretical and empirical literature on the effects of infrastructure development on growth and income distribution. The theoretical lite....
Read More
   Infrastructure gap in South Asia : infrastructure needs, prioritization, and financing
World Bank - Infrastructure
15-Sep-2014


If the South Asia region hopes to meet its development goals and not risk slowing down or even halting growth, poverty alleviation, and shared prosperity, it is essential to make closing its huge infrastructure gap a priority. Identifying and addressing gaps in the data on expenditure, access, and q....
Read More
   Contracting for the second best in dysfunctional electricity markets
World Bank - Infrastructure
29-Jun-2014


Power pools constitute a set of sometimes complex institutional arrangements for efficiency-enhancing coordination among power systems. Where such institutional arrangements do not exist, there still can be scope for voluntary electricity-sharing agreements among power systems. This paper uses a par....
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   Urban transport : can public-private partnerships work ?
World Bank - Infrastructure
19-May-2014


Cities exist, grow, and prosper because they take advantage of scale economies and specialization wrought by agglomeration. But output growth inevitably stresses transport infrastructure because production requires space and mobility. To prevent congestion from crowding out agglomeration benefits an....
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   Business environment, economic agglomeration and job creation around the world
World Bank - Infrastructure
17-Nov-2013


Based on a comprehensive worldwide firm survey, this paper looks at how the business environment and economic agglomeration affect job creation, holding constant conventional determinants of firm growth, such as firm ownership, size, and age. The analysis finds that economic agglomeration is most im....
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Found 60 resources         Showing items 1 to 25 :   Page [1] 2 3 -
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