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Found 297 resources         Showing items 1 to 25 :   Page [1] 2 3 4 .... 12 -

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   Addressing access and behavioral constraints through social intermediation services : a review of Chile Solidario and Red Unidos
World Bank - Social Development
8-Dec-2014


Social programs are often designed under the assumption that individuals make rational decisions that improve their welfare. Yet, informational and behavioral constraints limit the extreme and chronic poor's access and participation in social programs. This paper reviews the implementation and perfo....
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   Trade and civil conflict : revisiting the cross-country evidence
World Bank - Social Development
25-Nov-2014


This paper revisits and expands the evidence on the impact of trade shocks on intra-state conflict with a large sample of developing countries in the 1960-2010 period. The results suggest that increases in the prices of a country's exported commodities raise the country's risk of civil conflict and ....
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   Oil and civil conflict : can public spending have a mitigation effect ?
World Bank - Social Development
9-Nov-2014


This paper explores the conditions under which public spending could minimize violent conflict related to oil wealth. Previous work suggests that oil can lead to violent conflict because it increases the value of the state as a prize or because it undermines the state's bureaucratic penetration. Yet....
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   Informing migration policies : a data primer
World Bank - Social Development
2-Nov-2014


Researchers in many fields, such as demography, economics, and sociology, have established various data collection methodologies and principles to answer a range of academic and policy questions on migration. Although the progress has been impressive, some basic challenges remain. This paper address....
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   Trafficking and fragility in West Africa
World Bank - Social Development
30-Oct-2014


Trafficking is an emerging concern in West Africa. In 2011, 17 percent of all cocaine consumed in Europe -- 21 tons -- passed through the region, for a retail value of US$1.7 billion. This paper discusses the evolution of trafficking in the region and provides estimates of the size and value of traf....
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   Learning dynamics and support for economic reforms : why good news can be bad
World Bank - Social Development
21-Jul-2014


Support for economic reforms has often shown puzzling dynamics: many reforms that began successfully lost public support. This paper shows that learning dynamics can rationalize this paradox because the process of revealing reform outcomes is an example of sampling without replacement. This concept ....
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   Evidence of development impact from institutional change : a review of the evidence on open budgeting
World Bank - Social Development
20-Jul-2014


Despite the growing body of literature examining the effectiveness of transparency and accountability initiatives, there remains limited substantiation for whether and how open budgeting contributes to reductions in poverty and improvements in the lives of the poor. This paper reviews available evid....
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   The anatomy of failure : an ethnography of a randomized trial to deepen democracy in rural India
World Bank - Social Development
29-Jun-2014


Programs that induce citizen participation to improve the quality of government at the local level are the subjects of large amounts of funding and intense debate. This paper combines a randomized control trial of a citizenship training and facilitation program in rural India, with an in-depth, four....
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   How business community institutions can help fight corruption
World Bank - Social Development
26-Jun-2014


This paper considers the possibility of collective action by the business community to counter corruption in the award of government licenses and contracts. The analogy is with contract enforcement institutions studied by economic historians and contract law scholars. The institution in this context....
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   Deals and delays : firm-level evidence on corruption and policy implementation times
World Bank - Social Development
26-Jun-2014


This paper examines whether demands for bribes for particular government services are associated with expedited or delayed policy implementation. The "grease the wheels" hypothesis, which contends that bribes act as speed money, implies three testable predictions. First, on average, bribe requests s....
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   Income inequality and violent crime : evidence from Mexico's drug war
World Bank - Social Development
23-Jun-2014


The relationship between income inequality and crime has attracted the interest of many researchers, but little convincing evidence exists on the causal effect of inequality on crime in developing countries. This paper estimates this effect in a unique context: Mexico's Drug War. The analysis takes ....
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   Culture, politics, and development
World Bank - Social Development
23-Jun-2014


Whether in the domains of scholarship or practice, important advances have been made in recent years in our understanding of how culture, politics, and development interact. Today’s leading theorists of culture and development represent a fourth distinctive perspective vis-à-vis their predecessors....
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   Asymmetric punishment as an instrument of corruption control
World Bank - Social Development
22-Jun-2014


The control of bribery is a policy objective in many developing countries. It has been argued that asymmetric punishments could reduce bribery by incentivizing whistle-blowing. This paper investigates the role played by asymmetric punishment in a setting where bribe size is determined by Nash bargai....
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   Beyond the income effect : impacts of conditional cash transfer programs on private investments in human capital
World Bank - Social Development
14-May-2014


In the past decade, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs have become an important component of social policy in developing countries. While the impacts of these programs have been well researched with respect to their effectiveness to achieve intended outcomes, less is known about their impact o....
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   A global assessment of human capital mobility: the role of non-OECD destinations
World Bank - Social Development
11-May-2014


Discussions of high-skilled mobility typically evoke migration patterns from poorer to wealthier countries, which ignore movements to and between developing countries. This paper presents, for the first time, a global overview of human capital mobility through bilateral migration stocks by gender an....
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   Which World Bank reports are widely read ?
World Bank - Social Development
30-Apr-2014


Knowledge is central to development. The World Bank invests about one-quarter of its budget for country services in knowledge products. Still, there is little research about the demand for these knowledge products and how internal knowledge flows affect their demand. About 49 percent of the World Ba....
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   Women's empowerment and socio-economic outcomes : impacts of the Andhra Pradesh rural poverty reduction program
World Bank - Social Development
22-Apr-2014


The paper explores whether one of the largest programs in the world for women's empowerment and rural livelihoods, the Indira Kranti Patham in Andhra Pradesh, India, has had an impact on the economic and social wellbeing of households that participate in the program. The analysis usespanel data for ....
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   Trust and identity in a small, post-socialist, post-crisis society
World Bank - Social Development
31-Mar-2014


The principal focus in the substantial literature on impediments to economic development has been on the inadequacies of policies and governance. However, successful economic development requires effectiveness of markets and incentives for investment, which in turn require trust. This paper reports ....
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   Cash transfers and child labor
World Bank - Social Development
30-Mar-2014


Cash transfer programs are widely used in settings where child labor is prevalent. Although many of these programs are explicitly implemented to improve children's welfare, in theory their impact on child labor is undetermined. This paper systematically reviews the empirical evidence on the impact o....
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   The nexus between gender, collective action for public goods, and agriculture : evidence from Malawi
World Bank - Social Development
16-Mar-2014


Across the developing world, public goods exert significant impacts on the local rural economy in general and agricultural productivity and welfare outcomes in particular. Economic and social-cultural heterogeneity have, however, long been documented as detrimental to collective capacity to provide ....
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   How significant is Africa's demographic dividend for its future growth and poverty reduction ?
World Bank - Macroeconomic Growth
7-Dec-2014


Africa will be undergoing substantial demographic changes in the coming decades with the rising working age share of its population. The opportunity of African countries to convert these changes into demographic dividends for growth and poverty reduction will depend on several factors. The outlook w....
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   Economic effects of the Syrian war and the spread of the Islamic state on the Levant
World Bank - Macroeconomic Growth
7-Dec-2014


This paper uses a global computable general-equilibrium framework with new detail on six Levant countries -- the Arab Republic of Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, the Syrian Arab Republic, and Turkey -- to quantify the direct and indirect economic effects of the Syrian war and the advance of the Islami....
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   Sukuk markets : a proposed approach for development
World Bank - Macroeconomic Growth
3-Dec-2014


The issuance of sukuk, as an instrument in Islamic finance, has been growing in recent years. Many policy makers and businesses are looking at the sukuk markets as sources of long-term financing. The paper identifies key issues impeding further development of sukuk markets globally, namely, standard....
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   Party age and party color : new results on the political economy of redistribution and inequality
World Bank - Macroeconomic Growth
2-Dec-2014


This paper advances research on inequality with unique, new data on income distribution in 61 countries, including 20 Latin American countries, to explore the effects of political parties on redistribution. First, consistent with a central -- but still contested -- assumption of the political econo....
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   Local foundations for better governance : A Review of Ghazala Mansuri and Vijayendra Rao's Localizing Development
World Bank - Macroeconomic Growth
2-Dec-2014


In Localizing Development, Mansuri and Rao survey theory and evidence for development strategies based on local community empowerment. This note extends their theoretical argument by focusing on local government as a vital source of new leadership. Local leaders who provide better public service can....
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Found 297 resources         Showing items 1 to 25 :   Page [1] 2 3 4 .... 12 -
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