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Found 20 resources         Showing items 1 to 20 :   Page [1]

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   Housing consumption and urbanization
World Bank - Urban Development
13-Nov-2014


Rapid urbanization in Sub-Saharan Africa places immense pressure on urban services to meet the needs of the burgeoning urban population. Although several country- or city-level reports offer insight into the housing challenges of specific places, little is known about regional patterns affecting hou....
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   Village political economy, land tenure insecurity, and the rural to urban migration decision : evidence from China
World Bank - Urban Development
2-Nov-2014


This paper investigates the impact of land tenure insecurity on the migration decisions of China's rural residents. A simple model first frames the relationship among these variables and the probability that a reallocation of land will occur in the following year. After first demonstrating that a vi....
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   Urban infrastructure investment and rent-capture potentials
World Bank - Urban Development
15-Oct-2014


In a context of rapid urbanization and energy transition, massive investments will be required to develop efficient public transport networks. Capturing the increase in land value caused by transport infrastructure (for example, through a betterment tax) appears a promising way to finance public tra....
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   A dynamic spatial model of rural-urban transformation with public goods
World Bank - Urban Development
30-Sep-2014


This paper develops a dynamic model that explains the pattern of population and production allocation in an economy with an urban location and a rural one. Agglomeration economies make urban dwellers benefit from a larger population living in the city and urban firms become more productive when they....
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   Infrastructure gap in South Asia : inequality of access to infrastructure services
World Bank - Urban Development
15-Sep-2014


The South Asia region is home to the largest pool of individuals living under the poverty line, coupled with a fast-growing population. The importance of access to basic infrastructure services on welfare and the quality of life is clear. Yet the South Asia region's rates of access to infrastructure....
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   Fiscal multipliers in recessions and expansions : does it matter whether government spending is increasing or decreasing ?
World Bank - Urban Development
29-Jul-2014


Using non-linear methods, this paper finds that existing estimates of government spending multipliers in expansion and recession may yield biased results by ignoring whether government spending is increasing or decreasing. For industrial countries, the problem originates in the fact that, contrary t....
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   Carbon price efficiency : lock-in and path dependence in urban forms and transport infrastructure
World Bank - Urban Development
23-Jun-2014


This paper investigates the effect of carbon or gasoline taxes on commuting-related CO2 emissions in an urban context. To assess the impact of public transport on the efficiency of the tax, the paper investigates two exogenous scenarios using a dynamic urban model (NEDUM-2D) calibrated for the urban....
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   Do government private subsidies crowd out entrepreneurship ?
World Bank - Urban Development
10-Jun-2014


Although several studies have found a negative relationship between government spending and entrepreneurship, much debate remains regarding the components of government spending responsible for this association. This paper contributes to the literature by specifically exploring the relationship betw....
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   Trade and cities
World Bank - Urban Development
8-Jun-2014


Many developing countries display remarkably high degrees of urban concentration that are incommensurate with their levels of urbanization. The cost of excessively high levels of urban concentration can be very high in terms of overpopulation, congestion, and productivity growth. One strand of the t....
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   The price of empowerment : experimental evidence on land titling in Tanzania
World Bank - Urban Development
3-Jun-2014


This paper reports on a randomized field experiment that uses price incentives to address economic and gender inequality in land tenure formalization. During the 1990s and 2000s, nearly two dozen African countries proposed de jure land reforms extending access to formal, freehold land tenure to mill....
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   Child labor and learning
World Bank - Urban Development
2-Jun-2014


This paper uses a unique micro panel dataset of Brazilian students to investigate the impact of working while in school on learning outcomes. The potential endogeneity is addressed through the use of difference-in-difference and instrumental variable estimators. A negative effect of working on learn....
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   Urbanization as opportunity
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


Urbanization deserves urgent attention from policy makers, academics, entrepreneurs, and social reformers of all stripes. Nothing else will create as many opportunities for social and economic progress. The urbanization project began roughly 1,000 years after the transition from the Pleistocene to t....
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   Urbanization and the geography of development
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


This paper focuses on three interrelated questions on urbanization and the geography of development. First, although we herald cities with their industrial bases as "engines of growth," does industrialization in fact drive urbanization? While such relationships appear in the data, the process is not....
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   The great migration : urban aspirations
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


The great 21st-century migration into cities will present both a great challenge for humanity and a significant opportunity for global economic growth. This paper describes the diverse patterns that define this metropolitan migration. It then lays out a framework for understanding the costs and bene....
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   Overview -- the urban imperative : toward shared prosperity
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


Urbanization is undoubtedly a key driver of development -- cities provide the national platform for prosperity, job creation, and poverty reduction. But urbanization also poses enormous challenges that one is familiar with: congestion, air pollution, social divisions, crime, the breakdown of public ....
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   Infrastructure : doing more with less
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


Adequate urban infrastructure can be expensive, but the costs of not delivering housing, transportation, water, sewage, public facilities, and other necessities are also high. Inadequate infrastructure slows and even reverses economic growth, driving unemployment, crime, and urban decay. It can fuel....
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   Housing matters
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


Housing matters to the livability of cities and to the productivity of their economies. The failure of cities to accommodate the housing needs of growing urban populations can be seen in the proliferation of poorly serviced, high-density informal settlements. Such settlements are not new in the hist....
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   Housing and urbanization in Africa : unleashing a formal market process
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


The accumulation of decent housing matters both because of the difference it makes to living standards and because of its centrality to economic development. The consequences for living standards are far-reaching. In addition to directly conferring utility, decent housing improves health and enables....
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   Converting land into affordable housing floor space
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


Cities emerge from the spatial concentration of people and economic activities. But spatial concentration is not enough; the economic viability of cities depends on people, ideas, and goods to move rapidly across the urban area. This constant movement within dense cities creates wealth but also vari....
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   Analyzing urban systems : have megacities become too large ?
World Bank - Urban Development
19-May-2014


The trend toward ever greater urbanization continues unabated across the globe. According to the United Nations, by 2025 closes to 5 billion people will live in urban areas. Many cities, especially in the developing world, are set to explode in size. Over the next decade and a half, Lagos is expecte....
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Found 20 resources         Showing items 1 to 20 :   Page [1]
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